Besides known risk factors such as smoking, alcohol use, and drug use may influence pregnant, now plus periodontal disease become a risk factor.
When you are pregnant, your blood flow increases which can cause your gums to swell and bleed. At the same time, the rise in hormones level makes your mouth very sensitive to bacteria, also causing gingivitis. Morning sickness is also a contributing factor. Vomit contains stomach acid, which can eat away your gums and teeth, making your mouth very sensitive. It is estimated that 50% of pregnant women have gum disease to some extent.
Doctors said that women with gum disease were over three times more likely to give birth prematurely than mothers-to-be with good oral health. It is not very good for both moms and babies when delivery happens too early.
It is necessary to realize the warning signs of gum disease before have a test by doctors. They are:
- Red, swollen or tender gums or other pain in your mouth
- Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
- Gums that are receding or pulling away from the teeth, causing the teeth to look longer than before
- Loose or separating teeth
- Pus between your gums and teeth
- Sores in your mouth
- Persistent bad breath
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
Fortunately, gum disease or even gingivitis in pregnancy is a preventable and easy to treat. Women should begin their pregnancy without periodontal infections, and they should be educated and motivated to maintain a high level of oral hygiene prior to and throughout pregnancy.
If periodontal infection is diagnosed at any time during pregnancy, the treatment should be administered as soon as possible in order to reduce the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight. The treatments may include non-surgical, periodontal surgery or cosmetic procedures which will be determined by your periodontists.
Strictly advised pregnancies and all of us about keeping a high standard of oral hygiene, visiting dentist regularly. This may include appointments with the dental hygienist for thorough cleaning, and advice on caring for your teeth at home.