Eosinophilic fasciitis is a syndrome in which muscle tissue underneath the skin, called fascia, becomes swollen and thick. Rapid swelling can occur in the hands, arms, legs, and feet.
The disease is similar to scleroderma.
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
The cause of eosinophilic fasciitis is unknown. People with this condition have a build up of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, into the affected fascia and muscles. Eosinophils are associated with allergic-type reactions, but their specific function is largely unknown.
The syndrome is most common in people between ages 30 and 60. In some cases, it appears to be triggered by strenuous physical activity.
Pictures & Images
Superficial anterior muscles
Superficial muscles are close to the surface of the skin. Muscles which lie closer to bone or internal organs are called deep muscles.
Eosinophilic fasciitis : Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Eosinophilic fasciitis : Symptoms & Signs, Diagnosis & Tests
Eosinophilic fasciitis : Treatment
Review Date : 2/22/2009
Reviewed By : Ariel D. Teitel, MD, MBA, Chief, Division of Rheumatology, St. Vincent’s Hospital, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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