Symptoms & Signs
- Confusion or decreased alertness
- Impaired growth
- Increased breathing rate
- Kidney stones
- Muscle weakness
Other symptoms can include:
- Bone pain
- Decreased urine output
- Increased heart rate or irregular heartbeat
- Muscle cramps
- Pain in the back, flank, or abdomen
- Skeletal abnormalities
Diagnosis & Tests
Arterial blood gas and blood chemistries may suggest metabolic acidosis or electrolyte imbalances, most often low levels of potassium or bicarbonate.
Other tests that may be done include:
- Urine pH , usually greater than 5.0 in patients with this condition
- Urinalysis may show increased levels of calcium and potassium
Review Date : 11/30/2009
Reviewed By : David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Herbert Y. Lin, MD, PHD, Nephrologist, Massachusetts General Hospital; Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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