Symptoms & Signs
- Decreased urine output
- Foamy appearance of urine
- Low birth weight
- Poor appetite
- Swelling (total body)
Diagnosis & Tests
An ultrasound done on the pregnant mother before birth may show a larger-than-normal placenta. The placenta is the organ that develops during pregnancy to feed the developing baby.
Pregnant mothers may have a screening test done during pregnancy to check for this condition. The test looks for higher-than-normal levels of alpha-fetoprotein in sample of amniotic fluid. Genetic tests should be used to confirm the diagnosis if the screening test is positive.
After birth, the infant will show signs of severe fluid retention and generalized swelling. The health care provider will hear abnormal sounds when listening to the baby’s heart and lungs with a stethoscope. Blood pressure may be high. There may be signs of malnutrition.
A urinalysis reveals large amounts of protein and the presence of fat in the urine. Total protein in the blood may be low.
Review Date : 8/19/2009
Reviewed By : Parul Patel, MD, Private Practice specializing in Nephrology and Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation, Affiliated with California Pacific Medical Center, Department of Transplantation, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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