Treatment is focused on reducing symptoms. Oxygen therapy may be helpful. Corticosteroids may be given to reduce inflammation. Antibiotics are usually not helpful or needed.
The outcome depends on the chemical agent involved, the severity of exposure, and whether the problem is acute or chronic.
Respiratory failure and death can occur.
Calling Your Health Care Provider
Call your health care provider if you have trouble breathing after inhaling (or possibly inhaling) any substance.
Review Date : 7/15/2008
Reviewed By : Linda Vorvick, MD, Seattle Site Coordinator, Lecturer, Pathophysiology, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.