Treatment varies depending on the type of birthmark and related conditions. Usually no treatment is needed for the birthmark itself.
Large birthmarks that affect your appearance and self-esteem may be covered with special cosmetics.
Moles may be removed surgically if they affect your appearance or have an increased cancer risk. Discuss your options with your doctor to decide how and when to remove any moles.
Nevus Outreach — www.nevus.org
Large moles that are present at birth (congenital nevi) are more likely to become skin cancer (malignant melanoma). This is especially true if the mole covers an area larger than the size of a fist. The cancer risk is related to the size, location, shape, and color of the mole.
Mongolian spots may persist for months or years. They do NOT become cancer or develop other symptoms.
- Skin cancer
- Psychological effects, if the birthmark is prominent
Calling Your Health Care Provider
Have any birthmarks examined by a health care provider. Report any changes in the birthmark to your health care provider, including:
- Color change
- Open sore (ulceration)
- Size change
- Texture change
Birthmarks – pigmented : Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Birthmarks – pigmented : Symptoms & Signs, Diagnosis & Tests
Birthmarks – pigmented : Treatment
Review Date : 10/28/2008
Reviewed By : Michael Lehrer, M.D., Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.