Mild cases of acute UTI may disappear on their own without treatment. However, because of the risk of the infection spreading to the kidneys (complicated UTI), treatment is usually recommended.
In most cases, treatment can be done on an outpatient basis.
Antibiotics may be used to control the bacterial infection. It is very important that you finish all of your prescribed antibiotics. Commonly used antibiotics include:
- Fluoroquinolones (levaquin)
- Penicillins (amoxicillin)
- Quinolones (ciprofloxacin)
- Sulfa drugs (sulfonamides)
- Tetracyclines (doxycycline)
Medications to relax the bladder spasms (anticholinergics) may also be given.
Phenazopyridine hydrochloride (Pyridium) may be used to reduce burning and urinary urgency.
Surgery is generally not needed for catheter-related urinary tract infection. However, chronic in-body catheters (Foley or suprapubic tube) should be changed every month. Proper sterile techniques must be used.
Increasing the amount of fluids to 2,000 – 4,000 cc per day encourages frequent urination. This flushes bacteria from the bladder. Avoid fluids that irritate the bladder, such as alcohol, citrus juices, and caffeine.
Follow-up may include urine cultures to ensure that bacteria are no longer present in the bladder.
Cystitis associated with catheters is often difficult to treat. Most people who have a catheter in place for any period of time will develop some degree of cystitis.
- Chronic or recurrent urinary tract infection
- Complicated UTI
Calling Your Health Care Provider
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of cystitis or a catheter-related UTI.
If you have cystitis, call if symptoms worsen or new symptoms develop, especially:
- Back or flank pain
Review Date : 1/10/2010
Reviewed By : David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc., and Louis S. Liou, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Urology, Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine.