What is Labetalol?
Labetalol is in a group of drugs called beta-blockers. Beta-blockers affect the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins). Labetalol is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Labetalol may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about Labetalol?
Do not stop taking labetalol without first talking to your doctor. Stopping suddenly may make your condition worse. If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using labetalol. You may need to stop using the medicine for a short time. Labetalol may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert. Keep using this medicine as directed, even if you feel well. High blood pressure often has no symptoms. You may need to use blood pressure medication for the rest of your life. Labetalol is only part of a complete program of treatment for hypertension that may also include diet, exercise, and weight control. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely if you are being treated for hypertension.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Labetalol?
You should not take labetalol if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
- asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD
- certain serious heart conditions such as”AV block” or slow heart rhythm; or
- conditions that cause very low blood pressure
If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a labetalol dose adjustment or special tests:
- bronchitis, emphysema, sleep apnea, or other breathing problem
- congestive heart failure
- liver or kidney disease
- diabetes; or
- pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal gland)
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether labetalol will harm an unborn baby. Labetalol may cause heart or lung problems in a newborn if the mother takes the medication during pregnancy. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication. Labetalol can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Labetalol Side Effect
What are the possible side effects of Labetalol?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
- slow or uneven heartbeats
- feeling like you might pass out
- feeling short of breath, even with mild exertion
- swelling or rapid weight gain; or
- nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)
Less serious side effects may include:
- tingly feeling in your scalp
- dizziness, spinning sensation
- mild nausea, upset stomach
- tired feeling
- stuffy nose; or
- difficulty having an orgasm
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs affect Labetalol?
Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use, especially:
- cimetidine (Tagamet)
- digoxin (digitalis, Lanoxin)
- a diuretic (water pill)
- insulin or oral diabetes medication
- nitroglycerin (Nitro-Dur, Nitrolingual, Nitrostat, Transderm-Nitro, and others)
- an antidepressant such as amitriptyline (Elavil, Vanatrip), doxepin (Sinequan), desipramine (Norpramin), imipramine (Janimine, Tofranil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), and others
- heart or blood pressure medication such as diltiazem (Cartia, Cardizem), felodipine (Plendil), nifedipine (Nifedical, Procardia), verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan), and others; or
- medicine for asthma or other breathing disorders, such as albuterol (Ventolin, Proventil), bitolterol (Tornalate), metaproterenol (Alupent), pirbuterol (Maxair), terbutaline (Brethaire, Brethine, Bricanyl), and theophylline (Theo-Dur, Theolair)
This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with labetalol. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.
What should I avoid while taking Labetalol?
Labetalol may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert. Drinking alcohol can further lower your blood pressure and may increase certain side effects of labetalol.
How should I take Labetalol?
Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Your blood pressure will need to be checked often, and you may need other blood tests at your doctor’s office. Visit your doctor regularly. Do not skip doses or stop taking labetalol without first talking to your doctor. Stopping suddenly may make your condition worse. If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using labetalol. You may need to stop using the medicine for a short time. Taking labetalol can make it harder for you to tell when your blood sugar is low. If you have diabetes, check your blood sugar regularly. This medication can cause false results with certain lab tests of the urine. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using labetalol. Keep using this medicine as directed, even if you feel well. High blood pressure often has no symptoms. You may need to use blood pressure medication for the rest of your life. Labetalol is only part of a complete program of treatment for hypertension that may also include diet, exercise, and weight control. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely if you are being treated for hypertension. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I overdose on Labetalol?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. Overdose symptoms may include slow heart rate, extreme dizziness, or fainting.
What happens if I miss a dose of Labetalol?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if your next dose is less than 8 hours away. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose. Sourced from everydayhealth.com