What is Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel extended-cycle contains a combination of female hormones that prevent ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary). This medication also causes changes in your cervical mucus and uterine lining, making it harder for sperm to reach the uterus and harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.
Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel extended-cycle are used as contraception to prevent pregnancy.
Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel extended-cycle may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
Do not use ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel extended-cycle if you are pregnant or recently had a baby.
Do not use this medication if you have: a history of stroke or blood clot, circulation problems, breast or uterine cancer, abnormal vaginal bleeding, liver disease or liver cancer, severe high blood pressure, migraine headaches, a heart valve disorder, or a history of jaundice caused by birth control pills.
You may need to use back-up birth control when you first start using this medication.
Taking hormones can increase your risk of blood clots, stroke, or heart attack, especially if you smoke and are older than 35.
Some drugs can make birth control pills less effective, which may result in pregnancy. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
This medication can cause birth defects. Do not use if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant, or if you miss two menstrual periods in a row. If you have recently had a baby, wait at least 4 weeks before taking birth control pills (6 weeks if you are breast-feeding).
Do not use this medication if you have:
- a history of a stroke or blood clot
- circulation problems (especially if caused by diabetes)
- a hormone-related cancer such as breast or uterine cancer
- abnormal vaginal bleeding
- liver disease or liver cancer
- severe high blood pressure
- severe migraine headaches
- a heart valve disorder; or
- a history of jaundice caused by birth control pills
Before using this medication, tell your doctor if you have any of the following conditions.
- high blood pressure, heart disease, congestive heart failure, angina (chest pain), or a history of heart attack
- high cholesterol or if you are overweight
- a history of depression
- gallbladder disease
- seizures or epilepsy
- a history of irregular menstrual cycles; or
- a history of fibrocystic breast disease, lumps, nodules, or an abnormal mammogram
The hormones in birth control pills can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. This medication may also slow breast milk production. Do not use if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Jolessa Side Effects
What are the possible side effects of Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
- sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body
- sudden headache, confusion, pain behind the eyes, problems with vision, speech, or balance
- chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, general ill feeling
- a change in the pattern or severity of migraine headaches
- nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)
- swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet; or
- symptoms of depression (sleep problems, weakness, mood changes)
Less serious side effects may include:
- mild nausea, vomiting, bloating, stomach cramps
- breast pain, tenderness, or swelling
- freckles or darkening of facial skin
- increased hair growth, loss of scalp hair
- changes in weight or appetite
- problems with contact lenses
- vaginal itching or discharge
- changes in your menstrual periods, decreased sex drive; or
- headache, nervousness, dizziness, tired feeling
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs affect Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
The following drugs can make birth control pills less effective, which may result in pregnancy:
- acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
- phenylbutazone (Azolid, Butazolidin)
- prednisolone (Orapred)
- theophylline (Respbid, Theo-Dur)
- cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune, Gengraf)
- St. John’s wort
- antibiotics such as amoxicillin (Augmentin), ampicillin (Omnipen), doxycycline (Doryx, Vibramycin), griseofulvin (Grisactin, Grifulvin, Fulvicin), minocycline (Minocin), penicillin (Veetids, Pen Vee K, Bicillin), rifampin (Rifadin), rifabutin (Mycobutin), tetracycline, and others
- seizure medicines such as phenytoin (Dilantin), carbamazepine (Tegretol), felbamate (Felbatol), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), topiramate (Topamax), or primidone (Mysoline)
- a barbiturate such as butabarbital (Butisol), mephobarbital (Mebaral), secobarbital (Seconal), or phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton); or
- HIV medicines such as indinavir (Crixivan), saquinavir (Invirase), lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra), fosamprenavir (Lexiva), ritonavir (Norvir), or nelfinavir (Viracept), and others
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with birth control pills. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.
What should I avoid while taking Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
Do not smoke while using birth control pills, especially if you are older than 35. Smoking can increase your risk of blood clots, stroke, or heart attack caused by birth control pills.
Birth control pills will not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases–including HIV and AIDS. Using a condom is the only way to protect yourself from these diseases.
How should I take Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
Take this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. You will take your first pill on the first day of your period or on the first Sunday after your period begins (follow your doctor’s instructions).
You may need to use back-up birth control, such as condoms or a spermicide, when you first start using this medication. Follow your doctor’s instructions.
You will not have a menstrual period every month while you are taking an extended-cycle birth control pill. Instead, your period should occur every 12 weeks.
The 91-day birth control pack contains three trays with cards that hold 84 “active” pills and seven “reminder” pills. You must use the pills in a certain order to keep you on a regular cycle. Trays 1 and 2 each hold 28 pills. Tray 3 holds 35 pills, including the 7 reminder pills. Your period should begin while you are using these reminder pills.
Take one pill every day, no more than 24 hours apart. When the pills run out, start a new pack the following day. You may get pregnant if you do not use this medication regularly. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of pills completely.
You may have breakthrough bleeding while taking birth control pills. Tell your doctor if this bleeding continues or is very heavy.
If you need to have any type of medical tests or surgery, or if you will be on bed rest, you may need to stop using this medication for a short time. Any doctor or surgeon who treats you should know that you are using birth control pills.
Your doctor will need to see you on a regular basis while you are using this medication. Do not miss any appointments.
Store this medication at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I overdose on Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and vaginal bleeding.
What happens if I miss a dose of Jolessa (Ethinyl Estradiol Levonorgestrel)?
Missing a pill increases your risk of becoming pregnant.
If you miss one “active” pill, take two pills on the day that you remember. Then take one pill per day for the rest of the pack.
If you miss two “active” pills in a row, take two pills per day for two days in a row. Then take one pill per day for the rest of the pack. Use back-up birth control for at least 7 days following the missed pills.
If you miss three “active” pills in a row, do not take the missed pills. Continue taking 1 pill per day on schedule according to the pill package and leave the missed pills in the package. You may have some bleeding or spotting if you miss three pills in a row. Use back-up birth control for at least the next 7 days.
If you miss any reminder pills, throw them away and keep taking one pill per day until the pack is empty. You do not need back-up birth control if you miss a reminder pill. If your period does not start while you are taking the reminder pills, call your doctor because you might be pregnant.
Sourced from everydayhealth.com