Alternate Names : Factitious thyrotoxicosis, thyrotoxicosis factitia, thyrotoxicosis medicamentosa
Factitious hyperthyroidism is higher than normal thyroid hormone levels that occur from taking too much thyroid hormone medication.
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
The thyroid gland produces the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). In most cases of hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland itself produces too much of these hormones.
However, hyperthyroidism can also be caused by taking too much thyroid hormone medication for hypothyroidism. This is called factitious hyperthyroidism. When this occurs because the prescribed dose of hormone medication is too high, it is called iatrogenic, or “doctor-induced,” hyperthyroidism.
Factitious hyperthyroidism can also occur when a patient intentionally takes too much thyroid hormone, such as in people:
- Who have psychiatric disorders such as Munchausen syndrome
- Who are trying to lose weight
- Who want to get compensation from the insurance company
Children may take thyroid hormone pills accidentally.
In rare cases, factitious hyperthyroidism is caused by eating meat contaminated with thyroid gland tissue.
Pictures & Images
The thyroid gland, a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, plays a major role in regulating the body’s metabolism.
Review Date : 4/29/2009
Reviewed By : Deborah Wexler, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Endocrinologist, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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