Alternate Names : Keratitis sicca, Xerophthalmia, Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
Dry eye syndrome is when the tear glands produce fewer tears.
- Decreased tearing
- Sjogren syndrome
- Vitamin A deficiency
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Dry eye syndrome often occurs in people who are otherwise healthy. It is more common with older age, because you produce fewer tears with age.
In rare cases, it can be associated with rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, and other similar diseases. It may also be caused by heat (thermal) or chemical burns.
In areas of the world where malnutrition is common, vitamin A deficiency is a cause. This is rare in the United States.
Pictures & Images
The cornea is the clear layer covering the front of the eye. The cornea works with the lens of the eye to focus images on the retina.
Review Date : 10/6/2008
Reviewed By : Paul B. Griggs, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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