Alternate Names : Dermatitis – diaper and Candida, Candida-associated diaper dermatitis, Diaper dermatitis
A diaper rash is a skin problem that develops in the area beneath an infant’s diaper.
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Diaper rashes are common in babies between 4 and 15 months old. They may be noticed more when babies begin to eat solid foods.
Diaper rashes caused by infection with a yeast or fungus called Candida are very common in children. Candida is found everywhere in the environment. It grows best in warm, moist places, such as under a diaper. A yeast-related diaper rash is more likely to occur in babies who:
- Are not kept clean and dry
- Are taking antibiotics, or whose mothers are taking antibiotics while breast feeding
- Have more frequent stools
Other causes of diaper rashes include:
- Acids in the stool (seen more often when the child has diarrhea)
- Ammonia (produced when bacteria break down urine)
- Diapers that are too tight or rub the skin
- Reactions to soaps and other products used to clean cloth diapers
- Too much moisture
Pictures & Images
Candida, flourescent stain
This microscopic film shows a fluorescent stain of Candida. Candida is a yeast (fungus) that causes mild disease, but in immunocompromised individuals it may cause life-threatening illness. (Image courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.)
Candida, a yeast organism, may cause a skin infection beneath an infant’s diaper which appears as bright red patches.
Review Date : 8/2/2009
Reviewed By : Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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