Cystitis should be promptly treated. Antibiotics are used to fight the bacterial infection. You should finish the entire course of antibiotics. Commonly used antibiotics include:
- Ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin
- Sulfa drugs (sulfonamides) such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)
A medicine called phenazopyridine (Pyridium) may be used to reduce the burning and urgency associated with cystitis.
Over-the-counter products that increase acid in the urine, such as ascorbic acid or cranberry juice, may be recommended to decrease the concentration of bacteria in the urine.
Follow-up may include urine cultures to make sure that bacterial infection is gone.
Most cases of cystitis are uncomfortable but disappear without complication after treatment.
- Acute kidney failure
- Chronic or recurrent urinary tract infection
- Kidney infection
Calling Your Health Care Provider
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of cystitis, or if you have already been diagnosed and symptoms get worse. You should also call if new symptoms develop, particularly fever, back pain, stomach pain, or vomiting.
Review Date : 9/18/2008
Reviewed By : Linda Vorvick, MD, Seattle Site Coordinator, Lecturer, Pathophysiology, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.