Alternate Names : Colitis – cytomegalovirus, Gastroenteritis – cytomegalovirus, Gastrointestinal CMV disease
CMV gastroenteritis/colitis is inflammation of the stomach or intestine due to infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV).
- CMV esophagitis
- CMV immunocompromised host
- CMV pneumonia
- CMV retinitis
- Congenital CMV
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus related to the virus that causes chickenpox. Infection with CMV is very common.
The infection is spread by saliva, urine, respiratory droplets, sexual contact, and blood transfusions. Most people are exposed to the virus in their lifetime, but it usually produces mild or no symptoms in healthy people.
However, serious CMV infections can occur in people with weakened immune systems. This includes patients receiving chemotherapy for cancer and patients on immune-suppressing medicines following an organ transplant.
In rare instances, more severe CMV infection involving the GI tract has been reported in people with healthy immune systems. When CMV colitis occurs in someone with a normal immune system, the person typically has other serious medical conditions such as a severe injury, kidney failure, or infection.
The following increase your risk for CMV gastroenteritis/colitis:
- Bone marrow or organ transplant
- Medications that suppress the immune system
Pictures & Images
The gastrointestinal system is comprised of the stomach, and the small and large intestines.
Stomach and stomach lining
The stomach connects the esophagus to the small intestines and is where the majority of food digestion takes place.
Review Date : 11/17/2008
Reviewed By : David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.