Alternate Names : Talipes equinovarus, Talipes
Clubfoot is when the foot turns inward and downward. It is a congenital condition, which means it is present at birth.
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Clubfoot is the most common congenital disorder of the legs. It can range from mild and flexible to severe and rigid.
The cause is not known, but the condition may be passed down through families in some cases. Risk factors include a family history of the disorder and being male. The condition occurs in about 1 out of every 1,000 live births.
Pictures & Images
Clubfoot is the most common congenital disorder of the lower extremity. One or both feet turn downward and inward. Genetic and environmental factors in the development of the fetus are the apparent causes.
Clubfoot repair – series
The normal position of the human foot is such that the sole of the foot is flat against the ground while walking. Clubfoot is a congenital abnormality in which the foot is adducted (angled inward). Correction of clubfoot is required for normal ambulation later in life.
Review Date : 11/2/2009
Reviewed By : Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.