Alternate Names : Polyneuropathy – chronic inflammatory, CIDP, Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is nerve swelling and irritation (inflammation) that leads to a loss of movement or sensation.
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is a common type of damage to nerves outside the brain or spinal cord (peripheral neuropathy). Polyneuropathy means several nerves are involved. It usually affects both sides of the body the same amount.
The cause of chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is an abnormal immune response. The specific triggers vary. In many cases, the cause is unknown.
It may occur with other conditions, such as:
- Blood cell abnormalities
- Chronic active hepatitis
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Lupus erythematosus
Guillain-Barre syndrome is a form of inflammatory polyneuropathy that lasts for a shorter time.
Pictures & Images
Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
The central nervous system is comprised of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system includes all peripheral nerves.
Review Date : 9/25/2008
Reviewed By : Daniel B. Hoch, PhD, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.