Treatment involves replacing the missing AAT protein. The protein is given through a vein each week. However, it is not yet known who may benefit from such therapy.
Quitting smoking is crucial.
Other treatments specifically for emphysema and cirrhosis are also used.
Some people with this deficiency will not develop liver or lung disease. However, emphysema and cirrhosis can be deadly.
* Cirrhosis or liver failure
* Liver cancer
Calling Your Health Care Provider
Call your health care provider if you develop symptoms of AAT deficiency.
Reviewed By : Sean O. Stitham, MD, private practice in Internal Medicine, Seattle, WA; Benjamin Medoff, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.