Adhesions are bands of scar-like tissue that form between two surfaces inside the body and cause them to stick together.
As the body moves, tissues or organs inside are normally able to shift around each other. This is because these tissues have slippery surfaces.
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Inflammation (swelling), surgery, or injury can cause adhesions to form almost anywhere in the body, including:
* In joints such as the shouler
* In the eyes
* Inside the abdomen or pelvis
Once they form, adhesions can become larger or tighter over time. Symptoms or other problems may occur if the adhesions cause an organ or body part to twist, pull out of position, or be unable to move as well.
The risk of forming adhesions is high after bowel or female organ surgeries. Surgery using a laparascope is less likely than open surgery to cause adhesions.
Other causes of adhesions in the abdomen or pelvis:
* Appendicitis, most often when the appendix breaks open (ruptures)
* Infections in the abdomen and pelvis
* Radiation treatment
Adhesions may form around joints such as the shoulder (see adhesive capsulitis) or ankles, or in ligaments and tendons. This problem may happen:
* After surgery or trauma
* With certain types of arthritis
* With overuse of a joint or tendon
Pictures & Images
Pelvic adhesions are bands of scarlike tissue that form between two surfaces inside the body. Inflammation from infection, surgery, or trauma can cause tissues to bond to other tissues or organs.
An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with fluid, or a semisolid material, that develops on or within the ovary. Ovarian cysts are relatively common and usually disappear without treatment.
Adhesion: Overview, Causes
Adhesion: Symptoms & Signs, Diagnosis & Tests
Reviewed By : Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.