Treatment of bladder outlet obstruction depends on the cause of the problem. For most cases, a Foley catheter (a tube inserted through the urethra into the bladder) will relieve the obstruction temporarily.
Occasionally, a suprapubic catheter (a catheter through the abdomen into the bladder) is needed to drain the bladder.
Long-term treatment of bladder outlet obstruction usually involves surgery. However, medical treatment options are available for many of the diseases that cause BOO. Discuss treatment options with your health care provider.
If diagnosed early, most causes of BOO can be treated with great success. However, if diagnosis is delayed, permanent damage can result.
Complications of BOO can be devastating. Long-term or high-grade bladder outlet obstruction can permanently damage all parts of the urinary system.
Complications of BOO include:
- Bladder and kidney stones
- Kidney failure
- Recurrent urinary tract infections
- Urinary incontinence
- Urinary retention
Calling Your Health Care Provider
If you have symptoms of bladder outlet obstruction, call your provider. Early diagnosis is important and can often lead to a simple and effective cure.
Bladder outlet obstruction : Overview, Causes, & Risk
Bladder outlet obstruction : Symptoms & Signs, Diagnosis & Tests
Bladder outlet obstruction : Treatment
Review Date : 11/30/2009
Reviewed By : David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Herbert Y. Lin, MD, PHD, Nephrologist, Massachusetts General Hospital; Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.