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What is Sinusitis?

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Sinusitis definitionSinusitis means your sinuses are infected or inflamed. Your sinuses are hollow air spaces within the bones surrounding the nose. They produce mucus, which drains into the nose. If your nose is swollen, this can block the sinuses and cause pain and infection. There are different types of sinusitis, including:

• Acute sinusitis: A sudden onset of cold-like symptoms like runny, stuffy nose and facial pain that will last over 10 to 14 days. Acute sinusitis often lasts 4 weeks or less.

• Subacute sinusitis: An inflammation lasting 4 to 8 weeks.

• Chronic sinusitis: A condition characterized by sinus inflammation symptoms lasting 8 weeks or longer.

• Recurrent sinusitis: Several attacks within a year.

Sinusitis can be acute, lasting for less than four weeks, or chronic, lasting much longer. Acute sinusitis often is recognized as a cold, which then turns into a bacterial infection. Allergies, pollutants, nasal problems and certain diseases can also cause sinusitis.

In fact if you get acute sinusitis, you will have difficulty to breathe through your nose. The area around your eyes and face may feel swollen, and you may have throbbing facial pain or a headache.

The common cold is known as the main cause of acute sinusitis. Other triggers include bacteria, allergies and fungal infections.  Depend on the cause of acute sinusitis, you are suggested a suitable treatment. In many situations, you can have home remedies  insteaf of going to hospital. However, persistent sinusitis can lead to serious infections and other complications. Sinusitis that lasts more than 12 weeks, or keeps coming back, is called chronic sinusitis.

People who have the following conditions have a higher risk of sinusitis:

• Nasal mucous membrane swelling as from a common cold

• Blockage of drainage ducts

• Structural differences that narrow the drainage ducts

• Nasal polyps

• Conditions that result in an increased risk of infection such as immune deficiencies or taking medications that suppress the immune system.

• Allergic rhinitis or hay fever

• Cystic fibrosis

• Day care

• Diseases that prevent the cilia from working properly

• Changes in altitude (flying or scuba diving)

• Large adenoids

• Smoking

• Weakened immune system from HIV or chemotherapy

In children, popular environmental factors that contribute to sinusitis include allergies, illness from other children at day care or school, pacifiers, bottle drinking while lying on one’s back, and smoke in the environment. While in adults sinusitis often happens with people who  are most frequently infections and smoking.

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