Treatment of High Blood Pressure
The goal of hypertension treatment is to lower high blood pressure and protect important organs, like the brain, heart, and kidneys from damage. To treat high blood pressure, you must have the positive changes of life style combined with medication treatment to have best effects.
Lifestyle Changes to Treat High Blood Pressure
- Losing weight if you are overweight or obese.
- Quitting smoking.
- Eating a healthy diet, including the DASH diet (eating more fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy products, less saturated and total fat).
- Reducing the amount of sodium in your diet to less than 1,500 milligrams a day if you have high blood pressure. Healthy adults need to limit their sodium intake to no more 2,300 milligrams a day (about 1 teaspoon of salt).
- Getting regular aerobic exercise (such as brisk walking at least 30 minutes a day, several days a week).
- Limiting alcohol to two drinks a day for men, one drink a day for women.
- In addition to lowering blood pressure, these measures enhance the effectiveness of high blood pressure drugs.
Medication to Treat High Blood Pressure
There are numerous types of drugs used to treat high blood pressure, such as:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium channel blockers
- Renin inhibitors
- Combination medications
Diuretics are often recommended as the first line of therapy for most people who have high blood pressure.
After the blood pressure target is reached, you should keep regular check up with your doctor every three to six months, according to whether you have other diseases such as heart failure.