A migraine is usually a severe headache felt as a throbbing pain at the front or on one side of the head. Some people who suffer from migraines can clearly identify triggers or factors that cause the headaches, but many cannot.
Experts aren’t sure what causes migraines. They run in families, and experts have found a genetic link. However, it is not clear why some people get migraines and others don’t.
There are many certain things can trigger your migraine. Your triggers may be different from someone else’s. Having several triggers increases the chance you will get migraines.
Read more about the causes of migraine and see what you can avoid to reduce the risk of suffering migraine.
Some migraines are preceded or accompanied by sensory warning symptoms (aura), such as flashes of light, blind spots or tingling in your arm or leg.
Read more about the symptoms of migraine
Medications can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. If treatment hasn’t worked for you in the past, talk to your doctor about trying a different migraine headache medication. The right medicines, combined with self-help remedies and lifestyle changes, may make a tremendous difference. Read more about treatment of migraine.
If you have typical migraines or a family history of migraine headaches, your doctor will likely diagnose the condition on the basis of your medical history and a physical exam. But if your headaches are unusual, severe or sudden, your doctor may recommend a variety of tests to rule out other possible causes for your pain.
Read more about the diagnosis of migraine to know what test should be performed to diagnose migraine.
Migraines can severely affect your quality of life. During and after a migraine, some people need to stay in bed for days at a time. However, there are effective treatments, and methods that can help to prevent migraines. Try to have good habits and healthy lifestyle to minimize the risk of having migraine.